Wednesday, October 21, 2009
to get to know more I'll tell you a little history about rumoh aceh
Trust individuals or communities and the natural conditions in which the individual or community life has a significant influence on the architecture of buildings, houses, which are made. This can be seen in the architecture Rumoh Aceh, Aceh Province Special Region, Indonesia. Rumoh Aceh is a high stage house with a pole between 2,50-3 meters, consisting of three or five rooms, with one main room, called ivy. Rumoh with three rooms has 16 poles, while Rumoh with five rooms has 24 poles. Modification of three to five rooms or vice versa can be done easily, stayed add or remove an existing section on the left or right side of the house. This section called sramoe likot or back porch and porch sramoe reunyeun or bertangga, which went into Rumoh place which is always in the east.
The main door Rumoh Aceh is always lower than the adult height. Usually the height of this door is only 120-150 cm in size so that every person who entered into Rumoh Aceh should head down. However, once inside, we will feel a very spacious room in the house because there was no furniture in the form of a chair or table. Everyone sits cross-legged on a mat ngom (from material similar weeds growing in the swamp) is coated pandanus mats.
Rumoh Aceh is not only a place to live, but an expression of belief in God and adaptation to environment. Therefore, through the Aceh Rumoh we can see the culture, life style, and values that are believed by the people of Aceh. Acehnese adaptation to the environment can be seen from the form of Aceh Rumoh shaped stage, the beams are made of wood ang choice, the walls of the board, and the roof of thatch. Utilization of nature can also be seen when they want to incorporate parts of the house, they do not use nails but using pegs or rattan rope. Although only made of wood, leaves, thatch-roofed, and do not use nails, Rumoh Aceh can survive up to 200 years.
Beliefs influence the people of Aceh to the architecture of the house can be seen in the orientation of the house which is always a stretch from east to west, namely the front facing the east and the inside or back of the sacred in the west. West direction reflects the Aceh community efforts to build an imaginary line to the Kaaba in Mecca. In addition, the influence of belief can also be seen in the use of supporting pillars which are always an even number, the number of rooms are always odd, and the steps are odd.
Apart from being a manifestation of public confidence and adaptation to the environment, the existence of Rumoh Aceh also shows the social status. More and more ornaments on Rumoh Aceh, the richer. For families who do not have excessive wealth, then simply garnish with relatively few or even none at all.
As the times are demanding all the things done effectively and efficiently, and increasingly expensive cost of manufacture and maintenance Rumoh Aceh, then gradually less and less people of Aceh who built these traditional houses. As a result, the number of Rumoh Aceh is increasingly less. Society would prefer to build a modern house made of concrete manufacture and supply the material more easily than Rumoh Aceh, whose creation is more complicated, more difficult material procurement, and maintenance costs are more expensive. However, there are also people who love the architectural heritage of their ancestors made Rumoh Aceh attached to their concrete house.
Existence Rumoh Aceh is the embodiment of the values of life and run by the people of Aceh. Therefore, preserving Rumoh Aceh means also preserving the existence of the Acehnese people themselves. The idea of preservation Rumoh Aceh will increasingly find the momentum after the tsunami that hit Aceh on taggal December 26, 2004. Post-natural disaster tragedy, many people from many nations come not only brought relief but also brought a tradition that is not necessarily compatible with the values developed in Aceh.